Types of Blood Type Man

Every living creature, both human and animal (except plants) has blood. Blood has a function to transport oxygen and other substances needed by cells in the entire body tissues. Human blood is red, some are bright red and some are dark red depending on the level of oxygen present in the blood. Human blood is red is due to the Hemoglobin, a type of protein that contains iron.

Although all human blood is made of the same basic elements, but not all the blood is the same. The classification or classification of blood is determined by the presence or absence of antigenic substances and antibodies contained in the blood. In general, human blood is classified into 4 different types of blood groups. Each Blood Group is then grouped again by Rhesus (Rh) Rhesus Positive (Rh +) and Rhesus Negative (Rh-), so it can be said that basically the blood group actually consists of 8 types ie A +, A-, B +, B-, AB +, AB-, O + and O-.

Types of Blood Type

There are 4 types of Blood Group based on the presence or absence of 2 antigens, namely antigen A and antigen B on the surface of the Red Blood Cell membrane. The four types of Blood Type are:

  1. Blood Type A, has only Antigen A on the surface of the red blood cell membrane and produces antibodies against Antigen B.
  2. Blood Type B, has only B antigen on the surface of the red blood cell membrane and produces antibodies against antigen A.
  3. Blood Type AB, has antigen A and B antigen on the surface of red blood cell membrane and does not produce antibodies against antigen A and antigen B.
  4. Blood Type O, has no antigen A or B antigen on the surface of red blood cell membranes but can produce antibodies against antigen A and antigen B.

Blood transfusion

What is meant by Blood Transfusion is the process of delivering blood or blood-based products from one person to another’s circulatory system. In a blood transfusion, a person receiving blood should be matched with the blood type donated to him. Unsuitable blood transfusions will result in immunologic transfusion reactions such as haemolysis anemia, renal failure and even death.

Here is a match of Blood Type in Blood Transfusion
Blood Type Can Receive Blood from Blood Type Data Donate blood to Blood Group

  • A A, O A, AB
  • B B, O B, AB
  • AB AB, A, B, O AB
  • O O A, B, AB, O

Inheritance of Blood Type to Children

The following is a Table of Blood Inheritance from Father and Mother to Children:

Mother and father

  • O A B AB
  • O O O, A O, B A, B
  • A O, A O, A O, A, B, AB A, B, AB
  • B O, B O, A, B, AB O, B A, B, AB
  • AB A, B A, B, AB A, B, AB A, B, AB